• English
  • Русский

Verbal aggression vs. political correctness

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).

The theory of performative speech acts has had important consequences for several academic fields: philosophy and linguistics (naturally), as well as literary theory, anthropology, and education. In recent years, it has been incorporated into the discourse of the law, by both legal scholars and sociolinguists. But nowhere does speech act theory have such concrete and far-reaching consequences as in the definitions of hate speech and its legal status.


Butler J. Excitable Speech: A Politics of the Performative. NY: Routledge, 1997.

Haiman F. «Speech Acts» and the First Amendment. Carbondale and Edwardsville: Illinois State University Press, 1993.

Matsuda M., Charles R.L., Delgado R., Kimberlé W.K. Words That Wound: Critical Race Theory, Assaultive Speech, and the First Amendment. Boulder, San Francisco, and Oxford: Westview Press, 1993.

Shuy R. Language Crimes: The Use and Abuse of Language Evidence in the Courtroom. Oxford: Blackwell, 1993.

Tiersma P. The Language of Defamation. 66 Texas Law Review 303, 1987.

Tiersma P. The Language of Offer and Acceptance: Speech Acts and the Question of Intent. 74 California Law Review 189, 1986.

Full Text (PDF):
(downloads: 265)